Few people like the 16th Amendment. It has been shown that two competent tax experts often will get different results when asked to complete a complicated tax return. Now we have another unforeseen result: We have no national budget. Before this amendment, the government depended on collecting tariffs and money from the states. This was done in proportion to the population of the states. That would be impossible to do if you had no total to be divided among states.
The 17th Amendment has given us a flawed way to select U.S. senators. They now owe allegiance to their parties and may no longer represent their states. The parties get them elected, not the states they should be representing. So we are concerned about the lack of civility among our senators. When they represented their states, there were disagreements with their own parties and reasons for agreements with members of opposite parties.
Ernest F. Daniel