S.C. considers ways to fix roads without raising taxes

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COLUMBIA — Legislators agree South Carolina’s roads and bridges are in dire need of work. How to pay for it is another matter.

The state Department of Trans­portation estimates it needs nearly double the amount currently spent on state-maintained roads – $1.5 billion yearly over the next 20 years – just to bring them to “good” condition.

The idea of raising the state’s 16-cents-per-gallon fuel tax, unchanged since 1987, has been tossed around in recent years. But in a state controlled by Republicans who like to boast yearly of cutting taxes, legislators contend that’s not even a possibility.

In her State of the State address, Gov. Nikki Haley urged the Legislature to fix the state’s crumbling infrastructure, calling it a safety and economic necessity.

“The citizens of South Carolina deserve to drive on roads that aren’t littered with potholes and on bridges they know won’t fall down. It’s a core function of government. But it’s also an economic development issue,” she said, quickly adding, “But I will not – not now, not ever – support raising the gas tax. The answer to our infrastructure problems is not to tax our people more; it’s to spend their money smarter.”

But her suggestions fund a tiny fraction of the need.

In her budget proposal, she recommends re-directing $4.3 million of fuel taxes now sent to other agencies and using $10 million of capital reserves for road work. She also wants the majority of additional money that comes in above current revenue projections for 2013-14 put toward roads, but only after taking $26 million off the top for income tax cuts. While the amount depends on the economy, she says that could give the Transportation Department $77 million.

A bill sponsored by House Speaker Bobby Harrell would shift the roughly $100 million collected through the state sales tax on vehicles – which is capped at $300 – specifically to road work. But that idea has died before in the Senate, with opponents saying it takes money from other needs.

Transportation Depart­ment Director Robert St. Onge often says his job is to “manage the decline of the state highway system.”

That includes nearly 41,500 highway miles and 8,400 bridges, making South Carolina’s system the nation’s fourth-largest, funded in part by the fourth-lowest state tax. Of the $1.5 billion the department expects to collect next fiscal year, 60 percent comes from federal taxes.

A nonprofit coalition is urging legislators to spend $6 billion over the next 10 to 15 years on the most critical projects statewide: $2.8 billion on interstate widening, $2 billion on bridges and $1.2 billion on resurfacing.

The report issued this week by the S.C. Alliance to Fix Our Roads – made up of business leaders, associations and chambers of commerce – is based on the Transportation Department’s priority list, though it seeks immediate improvement of Interstate 26, calling it vital to tourism and port traffic.

Rick Todd, an alliance member, said the $1.5 billion price tag “blows people away,” so the alliance wanted to break it down. Still, that’s $600 million a year to get it done in a decade.

“It is ambitious, but at least somebody’s put a plan on the table,” said Todd, the director of the state Trucking Association. “As crowded as the roads are now, I don’t want to think about how congested and inefficient they’ll be in 10 to 15 years. We’ve got to start.”

While no lawmaker’s suggestions come anywhere close to the funding requests, Todd applauded the willingness of Republican leaders to redirect money toward highway needs.

“We haven’t been able to get this much focus and talk in a long, long time,” he said.

CRUMBLING HIGHWAYS

The South Carolina Department of Transportation is responsible for maintaining 41,444 highway miles – 851 interstate miles, 9,475 miles of federal and state highways, and 31,118 miles of secondary roads. Nearly 70 percent of secondary roads aren’t eligible for any federal funding.

Of those miles:

• 53 percent of secondary roads rate in “poor” condition; 36 percent are “fair,” and 11 percent are “good”

• 47 percent of federal and state highways rate “poor;” 40 percent “fair,” and 13 percent “good”

• 8 percent of interstate miles are “poor,” 23 percent “fair,” and 69 percent “good”

Of the nearly 8,400 bridges it oversees:

• 7 are closed

• 420 have weight restrictions for crossing

• 886 are rated in poor condition

• 777 are considered functionally obsolete because of outdated designs

Source: S.C. Department of Transportation


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