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Fructose gives adolescents more belly fat, increases disease risk, GHSU study finds

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A common sugar used as a sweetener in foods and drinks gave adolescents more belly fat and put them at higher risk of developing diabetes and heart disease, according to research at Georgia Health Sciences University.

In a study to be published next month in The Journal of Nutrition, researchers at GHSU’s Georgia Prevention Institute followed 559 adolescents and their consumption of fructose, a sugar commonly added to foods and drinks as high fructose corn syrup. In measuring their fat, those with higher fructose consumption added more visceral adipose tissue, often found in the abdomen and around the organs. Those students had higher resting blood pressure and levels of c-reactive protein, a marker for inflammation. They had lower levels of HDL cholesterol, the good cholesterol thought to be protective, and adiponectin, which promotes insulin sensitivity and is anti-inflammatory. Those factors put them at greater risk for developing cardiovsascular disease and Type 2 diabetes.

Unlike previous studies, the researchers also looked at sucrose, or table sugar, in the diet, which breaks down into fructose and glucose, said author Vanessa Bundy, a first-year resident physician in pediatrics at GHSU.

“We think that they were missing a huge component of fructose in the diet by not accounting for the fructose that comes along in the form of sucrose,” she said.

The sweetener has been increasingly added to food and drinks since the 1970s, and there has also been a monumental increase in obesity over that period, but there still needs to be proof the two are connected, said study lead author Norman Pollock, an assistant professor of pediatrics at GHSU and the institute.

“Even though it is parallel, we still have to provide the data,” he said.

Some previous studies have shown an association between increased fructose consumption and blood pressure while others have not. But almost all of those were in adults, Pollock said.

“There is not much data in children and adolescents,” he said, but the studies note adolescents consume more fructose than any other age group.

The study could have important implications for school systems, Pollock said.

“Ultimately we want to use this paper and other papers to kind of change politically how food is distributed into the schools, and the types of foods, to cut down on these specific types of foods with high fructose corn syrup in them,” he said.

A big culprit is sodas. In Richmond County schools, most of the elementary and middle schools do not have soda in the machines. At the high schools, Board of Education policy is to not sell carbonated beverages while school is in session, spokesman Louis Svehla said.

The GHSU study was looking at the visceral fat versus fat stored elsewhere in the body and it found the same association with risk factors in adolescents that has been shown with adults, Bundy said. That means that what kids are consuming now could be a factor later and should send a clear message to parents, she said.

“It’s so very important to provide low-sugar, high-quality foods to your children because what you provide for them today will potentially affect their cardiovascular status and their overall quality of life as adults,” Bundy said.

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iLove
626
Points
iLove 01/06/12 - 12:13 pm
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Anyone ever seen the
Unpublished

Anyone ever seen the commercial TELLING you that HFCS is safe?

It's a conspiracy!......no seriously.

David Parker
7923
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David Parker 01/06/12 - 12:14 pm
0
0
Sounds like good, accurate

Sounds like good, accurate information. It reads however, like they suspect the connection but have not actually clarified it. Nonetheless, less sodas and junk food makes a healthier diet and realizing that fact is not dependent on a study, it's common sense.

burninater
9605
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burninater 01/06/12 - 12:27 pm
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Georgia PREVENTION Institute?

Georgia PREVENTION Institute? Sounds like a biased group to me. Their results cannot be trusted, regardless of methodology or peer review. They have a clear agenda, and as their results attack a sweetener commonly used by some of our most successful corporations, this agenda clearly involves an Obama-style Marxist takedown of America as we know it.

Riverman1
84116
Points
Riverman1 01/06/12 - 12:27 pm
0
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High fructose corn syrup has

High fructose corn syrup has been known to cause obesity for quite awhile. Unfortunately, it's added to things you wouldn't know about. Sausage, bread, etc.

David Parker
7923
Points
David Parker 01/06/12 - 12:30 pm
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0
tread lightly River, if bacon

tread lightly River, if bacon makes that list, i'm doomed, DOOOMED!!

wondersnevercease
9218
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wondersnevercease 01/06/12 - 12:59 pm
0
0
LOL..this "study" telling all
Unpublished

LOL..this "study" telling all of us parents who already Know the stuff is bad....funny.

fftaz71
108
Points
fftaz71 01/06/12 - 01:54 pm
0
0
The problem with going after

The problem with going after fructose, is that is also a naturally occuring sugar that occurs with the digestion process of eating fruits and such. Fructose makes up about 5-10% of almost all fruits. Table sugar is a combination of fructose and glucose. Fructose has to be converted into glucose by the liver before it can be used for energy. When glucose is in the system in excess, our bodies have a system in place to shut down the process. We do not have this for fructose excess and as fructose is needed for both energy AND Fat production, without a shut off switch, the process continues. The unused fructose will be converted to fat to be stored for future energy needs. This is what leads to excess belly fat. The simple breakdown is that fructose in and of itself is not bad, but how much we humans consume is the problem. Its like anything else, consumed in moderation it wont hurt but if we consume too much, it creates problems. (FYI...water is good for us but people can and do die of water intoxication b/c they drank too much water and washed all the electrolytes out of their system. This takes alot of water, but it happens)

Riverman1
84116
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Riverman1 01/07/12 - 12:08 am
0
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John Weaver MD, I couldn't

John Weaver MD, I couldn't agree with you more. I started to post a link to Dr. Lustig's famous work and video, but decided it would be too much. Many don't get it and it's futile to argue with them. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a game changing detriment to the American diet.

Riverman1
84116
Points
Riverman1 01/07/12 - 12:09 am
0
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Tvveedie, bacon is fine as

Tvveedie, bacon is fine as long as they don't shoot it full of junk. What people don't understand is too much fruit and HFCS are the culprits.

Riverman1
84116
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Riverman1 01/07/12 - 12:40 am
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Let me try to help my friends

Let me try to help my friends again. Around 1970 when manufacturers decided to stop using sucrose, aka table sugar, as the primary sweetening agent found in most soft drinks and change to fructose, a form of sugar extracted from fruit, Americans consumed about 1/2 pound of fructose, annually. In 1997 people in the U.S are eating 60 POUNDS A YEAR mainly as HFCS!

That's the reason Americans became obese with diabetes and other related diseases soaring. Please, guys, help yourselves stay healthy and go back to meat and vegs with a little fruit and whole grains. Stay healthy.

fftaz71
108
Points
fftaz71 01/07/12 - 01:13 am
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I agree with you there

I agree with you there River...the problem is the article is poorly written. Fructose is a naturally occuring sugar. High Fructose Corn Syrup is manufactured by processing corn to a point where the resultant sugar is high in fructose. "Corn refiners make high fructose corn syrup from corn starch, which must be separated from other components of the kernel. The resulting glucose mixture is filtered and clarified by centrifugation, carbon filtration and ion exchange.

A small amount of magnesium is added to the purified glucose solution. Glucose isomerase, an enzyme, is used to convert a portion of the glucose to fructose. The resulting mixture is 42% fructose, 53% glucose and 5% higher sugars. The mixture is refined with carbon filters and ion exchange. The fructose content of the resulting syrup is enriched by chromotographic separation, accomplished by passing the syrup through a column of adsorbent containing calcium or other cation that attracts the fructose portion of the syrup. This step produces a syrup that is about 90% fructose, which is then blended with the 42% fructose syrup to produce one that is 55% fructose, 42% glucose and 3% higher sugars." So basically, HFCS is not a naturally occuring sugar like fructose in and of itself is...and again, the processed foods are the ones with HFCS.

omnomnom
3964
Points
omnomnom 01/07/12 - 02:32 am
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so... HFCS is a naturally

so... HFCS is a naturally occurring sugar produced in an unnatural manner... still not what we should necessarily be putting in our bodies. i mean, you can technically eat saw dust (which is also in many processed foods) but it doesn't make it good for you.

Riverman1
84116
Points
Riverman1 01/09/12 - 07:12 am
0
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The big problem is that when

The big problem is that when HFCS came about food manufacturers found reasons to put it into almost everything. It is also used as a preservative.

Hepatic function requires it be used before other nutrients and that results in obesity. Realize football college linemen in the 60's were about 200 lbs. Now days, they are over 300.

Follow the American diet as it has spread around the world and watch how obesity with all the resulting medical problems has followed. Remember how Pacific Islanders used to be healthy and muscular? When manufactured foods arrived they became fat.

seenitB4
87304
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seenitB4 01/09/12 - 07:24 am
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0
Good article AC.....where do

Good article AC.....where do you get your ideas?? heh--posters maybe?

River...I would be interested in your idea of a great diet...what do you consider 3 good meals in a day?

stillamazed
1488
Points
stillamazed 01/09/12 - 08:46 am
0
0
I don't buy anything with

I don't buy anything with high fructose corn syrup anymore. We eat loads of fresh fruits and fresh raw veggies and honestly since I started this I feel better and have more energy than I have in years. I thought it would be hard to give up meat, dairy and processed foods but honestly it hasn't. Processed and manufactured foods are not good for anyone yet most families use it as a staple rather than preparing fresh foods. It is just to easy to buy frozen food or pre prepared fast foods.

soldout
1280
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soldout 01/09/12 - 11:47 am
0
0
If you can leave a food item

If you can leave a food item laying out on the kitchen table all night and it is still safe to eat the next morning you don't want to put it in your body. Good food spoils qiuickly because it is alive. They have found hot dogs that have been in the dump five years that were still okay. I think I heard someone has a McDonald burger than is about 15 years old that still looks okay. Stillamazed has got it so right.

Ushouldnthave
0
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Ushouldnthave 01/09/12 - 11:56 am
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People love to eat sweets,

People love to eat sweets, salts, and fatty fried foods. Corporations love to make money so they sell what the people want. It is a win/win. The companies, especially in the health related industries (pharmaceutical, cardio vascular, diabetic, and surgical areas), do increasingly robust business, and those selling the poisons are literally making a killing.

iLove
626
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iLove 01/09/12 - 02:05 pm
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So to sum it all up: HFCS was
Unpublished

So to sum it all up:

HFCS was introduced to society as a means of control.
HFCS is not natural.
HFCS is in almost EVERYTHING we may digest (SOME toothpastes)
HFCS doesn't seem to be a healthy alternative to CS but, was intorduced by our goverenmen in the 70's.
The use of HFCS is food has multiplied MANY times since its introudction into society.

Excessive and fake corn syrup makes you dumb and slow.

stillamazed
1488
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stillamazed 01/09/12 - 04:53 pm
0
0
Isn't it funny how our

Isn't it funny how our government can tell us to be healthy...they take away cigarette and alcohol commercials (they are really bad for you) and replace them with drug commercials and fast food commercials. How hypocritical is that???? Seriously, almost every commercial that comes on TV is trying to get you to take medication or eat fast food.

Riverman1
84116
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Riverman1 01/09/12 - 05:51 pm
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SeenItB4, a lot of what diet

SeenItB4, a lot of what diet is right for you depends on your body and your preferences. Basically, manufactured food and drinks are bad because they almost always add HFCS. That's the main thing that has changed the American diet.

Generally, speaking we eat too many carbohydrates, but that doesn't mean you can't eat healty and be a vegetarian also. I'm a big meat eater, but many people who follow a high protein, low carb lifestyle are vegetarian also. My diet consists of meat, fish, poulty, vegs (except potatoes, rice, etc), whole wheat and a little fruit. I don't use any sugar or eat white bread. Ask me in an email if you want to know more?

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