The Democratic-backed legislation now goes to Gov. Nathan Deal for his signature.
Under current policy, teachers can receive bonuses or incentive pay based on the standardized test scores of their students. Teachers would have to give up that money if the bill becomes law.
The legislation stems from last year’s cheating scandal in Atlanta Public Schools.
A state investigation in July revealed widespread cheating by educators in nearly half of the Atlanta’s 100 schools dating to 2001. In all, nearly 180 teachers and principals were accused of giving answers to students or changing responses once the tests had been completed.