COLUMBIA --- South Carolina school chief Mick Zais says teachers' salaries should be based on their effectiveness in the classroom, not their seniority or postgraduate credentials.
The state's first Republican school superintendent in 12 years wants to move teacher and principal salaries into a mandatory pay-for-performance system. A proposal moving through the House, and backed by GOP legislative leaders, could direct Zais to develop such a plan by Dec. 1, for implementation beginning in 2012-13.
Zais said last week that the state's best teachers should be paid much more, while inferior teachers should be tossed.
"We can't sacrifice the future of our children to provide job security for teachers or administrators who aren't effective," he said. "I don't think we pay our best teachers nearly enough. I think we pay our worst teachers far too much."
Under the state's current salary schedule, minimum salaries are set by state law. Teachers make more money for each additional year in the classroom, up to 22 years, and for additional degrees, such as masters and doctorates.
This year, a first-year teacher with a bachelor's receives almost $29,000, while a teacher with a doctorate and at least 22 years' experience gets about $61,600.
Teachers who earn a National Board Certification currently get an extra $7,500 annually for 10 years.
Those are the state minimums. Many districts pay more to compete.
But Zais points to studies that show experience only matters during a teacher's first four years in the classroom, and that postgraduate degrees and certifications don't seem to boost student learning.
So he wants to compensate teachers based on how much students learn in their classroom --- determined by tests they take at the beginning and end of the school year --- along with evaluations from students, parents, principals and fellow teachers. Teachers in certain hard-to-fill subjects --- such as physics, chemistry and biology --- should also be paid more, he said.
The shortage exists "because we ignore the market. We don't pay what the market demands," Zais said. "We need to pay what we need to pay to get the quality that our students deserve."
The best teachers should make more than their principals, he said.
Statewide, the average salary is $47,500 for teachers, $68,370 for assistant principals and $82,650 for principals, according to the agency, though salaries vary widely based on a district's tax base.
"Teachers are to education what doctors are to medicine ... but if you go into a hospital, we pay doctors a lot more than we pay medical administrators," Zais said.