The Dow Jones industrial average fell 124.20 points to close at 12,772.47. The loss wiped out the Dow’s gain for the week.
The reluctance of U.S. employers to add jobs shows that the economy is still struggling three years after the recession officially ended. An average of just 75,000 jobs were created every month in the April-June quarter, far below the 226,000 created every month in the first three months of the year.
“It shows the U.S. economy is losing momentum,” said Sharon Stark, chief market strategist at the brokerage firm Sterne Agee. “It’s a sign of everyone waiting to see what’s next.”
Of the 30 stocks in the Dow average, only five rose, including McDonald’s and AT&T. The world’s largest producer of aluminum, Alcoa, and Caterpillar, the construction equipment maker, were among the hardest-hit Dow stocks, with declines of about 3 percent each. Materials and industrial companies are the most likely to suffer if the economy weakens.
The anemic jobs report led investors to shift money into low-risk assets. The price of the 10-year Treasury note rose, sending its yield down to 1.55 percent from 1.60 percent late Thursday. The dollar rose against the euro.
The sluggish growth in American jobs comes at a time when the global economy is also losing pace. Central banks in Europe and China took action Thursday to prop up their sliding economies.
The new signs of economic sluggishness around the world sent commodities prices lower. Crude oil dropped $2.77, or 3 percent, to $84.45 a barrel. The U.S. is the world’s biggest oil consumer, and the prospect of lower demand pushed prices down.
Energy stocks followed the price of oil lower. Peabody Energy fell $1.27, or close to 5 percent, to $24.86, while Alpha Natural Resources declined 60 cents, or 6.5 percent, to $8.67.
In other trading on Wall Street, the Standard & Poor’s 500 slid 12.90 points, or 0.9 percent, to 1,354.68 and the Nasdaq composite fell 38.79 points, or 1.3 percent, to 2,937.33.
One of the reasons stocks fell is that though the jobs report was weak, the country isn’t heading into a recession. That suggests the Federal Reserve is less likely to take more action to stimulate the economy, according to Brian Jacobsen, chief portfolio strategist at Wells Fargo Advantage Funds.
A new round of bond-buying by the Fed is “quite unlikely,” Jacobsen said. The Federal Reserve has made two rounds of bond purchases since the financial crisis to keep interest rates low and encourage banks to lend money.
European markets also lost ground on Friday. A week after investors welcomed an agreement among European leaders to help Spain and Italy, the borrowing rates of both countries rose again. That means bond investors are less willing to loan those countries money at favorable rates.
The yield on the 10-year Spanish government bond rose 0.22 percentage point to 6.96 percent earlier in the day.
European stock indexes slid. Germany’s DAX and France’s CAC-40 each lost 1.9 percent. Spain’s benchmark index slumped 3 percent.