The decision announced Tuesday allows companies to use social media in place of more formal Web sites.
The question arose after Netflix Inc. CEO Reed Hastings said on his Facebook page in July that subscribers together watched more than 1 billion hours of video for the first time in June, the agency said.
An SEC rule requires that all investors receive significant company information at the same time. By allowing businesses to use less formal channels to share news with investors, the SEC is acknowledging the shift in technology that has made social media indispensable for corporations.
One key requirement is that companies alert investors in news releases or regulatory filings as to where they plan to disseminate information that could affect the price of the company’s stock.
Hastings’ statistic implied that the usage of Netflix’s Internet video library had increased significantly since the company had last provided viewership numbers six months earlier. Analysts interpreted the new viewership numbers as a sign that Netflix either hit the top end of its second-quarter goal for streaming subscribers or exceeded it.
Netflix stock jumped from $70.45 at the time of Hastings’ Facebook post to $81.72 at the close of the next trading day.
Neither Hastings nor Netflix had previously used Facebook to announce information and they hadn’t notified investors that Facebook might be used for that purpose, the SEC said Tuesday. The agency decided to issue the guidance for all companies.
Netflix said in a statement Tuesday, “We appreciate the SEC’s careful consideration and resolution of this matter.”