“It is the race you make it,” an upset-minded Rick Santorum told voters.
In the race’s final hours, Mitt Romney predicted victory and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich all but forecast his own defeat.
The six presidential hopefuls hustled through 23 fast-paced campaign events combined. That and the $13 million or more already spent on television commercials was evidence of the outsized importance Iowa holds in the race to pick a GOP opponent for President Obama.
Romney had one eye on his GOP rivals and another on Obama as he argued he is in the best position to capture the White House. The president has been “a great divider, the great complainer, the great excuse giver, the great blamer,” said the former Massachusetts governor, who is making his second try for the nomination and has been at or near the top of the Iowa polls since the campaign began.
Later, before a noisy crowd in Marion, he predicted his own victory in a state that humbled him four years ago.
“We’re going to win this thing with all of our passion and strength,” he said.
Texas Rep. Ron Paul flew into the state with his son, Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul, and urged supporters to “send a message tomorrow night that echoes not just around Iowa but … around the world.” Many in the audience of about 300 chanted “end the Fed,” a reference to his pledge to abolish the nation’s central bank as a first step toward repairing the economy.
Most polls in recent days have put Romney and Paul atop the field in Iowa, with Santorum in third and gaining ground. More than a third of all potential caucus-goers say they could change their minds.
“Do not settle for less than what America needs to transform this country. Moderate candidates who try to appeal to moderates end up losing,” Santorum, the former Pennsylvania senator, said in a slap at Romney.
After absorbing a pounding in television commercials from Romney’s deep-pocketed allies, Gingrich said he was looking ahead to next week’s primary in New Hampshire, and then to South Carolina on Jan. 21
“I don’t think I’m going to win; I think when you look at the numbers that volume of negativity has done its damage,” he said of the Iowa caucuses.
By nightfall, however, Gingrich was offering a more upbeat assessment after one of his precinct captains complained during a telephone town hall that he was dispirited by the prediction.
“We may pull off one of the great upsets in the history of the Iowa caucuses,” he said in Davenport, urging supporters to help him.
Romney is viewed as the overwhelming favorite in New Hampshire, although Santorum, Paul and Gingrich have all said they intend to campaign there.
South Carolina figures to be more wide open, the first contest in the South, and in a deeply Republican state.
If others were thinking about conceding Iowa, they did not show it.
Texas Gov. Rick Perry took swipes at Romney, Santorum and Paul in an appearance in Sioux City. “If you have my back tomorrow at the caucuses, I’ll have your back for the next four years in Washington, D.C,” he said.
Minnesota Rep. Michele Bachmann unveiled her first television ad in months. It hailed her as Iowa-born and the only “consistent conservative fighter” in the race and concluded, “She’ll never back down.”
The commercial was the last in a race in which candidates’ ads were sometimes overshadowed by the more negative ones by super PACs, organizations established and funded by their allies.
Perry and a super PAC supporting him spent the most, $5.5 million, according to one tally.
But it was the combination of Romney ($1.3 million) and his super PAC ($2.7 million) that appeared to have the most noticeable impact. That was particularly so in the final few weeks, when Gingrich surged to the front of the polls.
The former speaker soon found himself under relentless attack in ads by the Romney super PAC. At the same time, the former governor’s campaign took the high road, airing ads designed to show him in a favorable light.
Short on funds, Gingrich was unable to respond in kind, declaring instead he would run only a positive campaign. It wasn’t much of a contest, and before long, he faded, while Paul and then Santorum rose.
Yet even an intense post-Christmas push by the candidates through Iowa left many Republicans uncertain.
“I’m really still undecided,” said Bill Brauer, of Polk City, as he listened to Santorum on Monday. “I’m going to make up my mind tonight.”