GAO says cost of MOX plant rises by $2 billion

Plant's estimated price tag up $2 billion



The cost of the government’s mixed oxide fuel plant at Savannah River Site has risen by $2 billion, according to a report issued Thursday by the Government Ac­count­ability Office.

In an annual assessment to Congress on the most expensive “high-risk” federal projects, the GAO said the Na­tion­al Nuclear Security Ad­min­is­tration “recently added $2 billion to the project’s cost estimate, even as the facility nears completion.”

The disclosure, which raises the plant’s cost to $6.8 billion, is the first official confirmation of a major cost increase in the project to dispose of surplus plutonium by blending it with commercial reactor fuel.

Last fall, in response to an environmental statement addressing changes in the program, environmental groups complained that updated budget figures were needed for construction and operating costs.

“The MOX plant cost estimate has been frozen at $4.8 billion for the last several years,” said the groups, which included the Sierra Club, Friends of the Earth and the Alli­ance for Nuclear Accoun­tability.

Both the U.S. Department of En­ergy and the nuclear security agency have declined to provide new cost estimates, the groups said.

The MOX plant, scheduled to open in 2016 and begin fuel production in 2018, is designed to dispose of 34 metric tons of plutonium extracted from dismantled warheads. Blending the material with uranium to make reactor fuel renders the plutonium permanently unusable for weapons.

The environmental groups cited a 2003 Energy De­­part­ment forecast that the plant would be completed in 2007, with a construction cost of $1.7 billion.

Last month, a key member of the U.S. House Energy and Com­merce committee, Rep. Ed­ward Markey, D-Mass., raised questions about the project’s cost.

“While there is near-universal agreement on the need for permanent disposal of our surplus weapons-grade plutonium, it is far from clear that the department’s current plan is the most cost-effective means of doing so,” Markey wrote in a letter to the Energy De­part­ment.

The GAO report is part of the agency’s program to focus attention on government operations it identifies as high risk because of vulnerabilities to fraud, waste, abuse and mismanagement or the need for transformation to address economy, efficiency or effectiveness challenges.

Though the 275-page report mentioned the MOX project only briefly, it also noted that the agency is conducting a more specific inquiry into the program.

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Topics Page: Savannah River Site
Read the full GAO report


Thu, 11/23/2017 - 17:28

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