WASHINGTON — The government is falling short in ensuring airline pilots keep up their flying skills and get full training on how to monitor sophisticated automated control systems in cockpits, according to the Transportation Department’s internal watchdog.
Most airline flying today is done through automated systems that pilots closely monitor. Pilots typically use manual flying skills only briefly during takeoffs and landings. Studies and accident investigations have raised concern that pilots’ manual flying skills are becoming rusty and that pilots have a hard time staying focused on instrument screens for long periods.
But the Federal Aviation Administration isn’t making sure that airline training programs adequately address the ability of pilots to monitor the flight path, automated systems and actions of other crew members, the Transportation Department’s Office of Inspector General found. Only five of 19 airline flight simulator training plans reviewed by investigators specifically mentioned pilot monitoring.
The FAA also isn’t well positioned to determine how often airline pilots get a chance to manually fly planes and hasn’t ensured that airline training programs adequately focus on manual flying, according to the report, obtained by The Associated Press. It has not been released publicly.
In January 2013, the agency issued a safety alert to airlines encouraging them to promote opportunities for pilots to practice manual flying in day-to-day operations and during pilot training. But the FAA hasn’t followed up to determine whether airlines are following the recommendation, the report said.
The FAA published new rules in 2013 requiring airlines to update training programs to enhance pilot monitoring and manual flying skills, but the agency is still working on guidance on how to do that, the report said. Airlines aren’t required to comply with the rules until 2019, the report said.
The rules on enhancing training were prompted in part by the deadly 2009 crash of a regional airliner while approaching Buffalo, N.Y. An investigation found that the trouble started because pilots weren’t closely monitoring airspeed.
Clay Foushee, the FAA’s director of audits and evaluations, told the inspector general that the FAA is concerned about “an overreliance on automation” and that it agrees with developing standards to determine whether pilots have enough opportunities to practice manual flying skills.
The FAA hopes to provide guidance to airlines on pilot monitoring by Jan. 31, 2017, he said.