NEW YORK — Poor corporate earnings reports pounded the stock market Friday in a sour end to an otherwise strong week of trading. The Dow Jones industrial average fell more than 200 points for its worst day in four months.
Disappointing results from three giants of the Dow – Microsoft, General Electric and McDonald’s – were partly to blame. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index fared even worse, as widespread worries about companies’ ability to keep churning out better profits drove the broader market down.
Through Thursday, with 115 companies in the S&P 500 reporting, earnings have dropped 3.7 percent compared with a year earlier, according to Thomson Reuters, a financial data provider, and ING, a financial company.
“And once you get one quarter of negative earnings, it’s a precursor,” said Doug Cote, the chief market strategist at ING Investment Management in New York. “It’s the cockroach theory: If you find one, there’s probably many more.”
Heading into this earnings season, financial analysts had estimated that corporate profits for July through September would fall compared with the same period a year ago. That would be the first such decline in three years.
The Dow sank 205.43 points, or 1.5 percent, to close Friday at 13,343.51.
The S&P lost 24.15, or 1.7 percent, to 1,433.19. The Nasdaq composite index, hammered by a second ugly day for Google, lost 67.25 points to 3,005.62, a 2.2 percent decline.
The big drops Friday left the Dow and S&P clinging to gains for the week.
Google continued its slump, losing $13.21 to $681.79, a day after its earnings report was accidently hours ahead of schedule. The report raised questions for Google and other Internet companies about ads that target mobile devices.
It’s been a tough week for technology companies. IBM pointed to Europe’s troubles and slowing business spending when it posted weaker revenue than analysts expected. Intel, the world’s largest maker of computer chips, blamed the global economy and sliding computer sales for pushing net income down.
General Electric, a bellwether of the economy, fell 3 percent. The company reported stronger profits early Friday, but its revenue missed Wall Street’s expectations.
GE’s stock lost 78 cents to $22.03.
As corporate earnings roll in, banks and so-called consumer discretionary companies, which include luxury stores and hotels, are projected to report the best growth.
The losses left the Dow up just 0.1 percent for the week. The S&P was up 0.3 percent, and the Nasdaq was down 1.3 percent.
As investors sold stocks, they bought U.S. government bonds, driving prices up and yields down. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note slipped to 1.77 percent from 1.83 percent late Thursday.
The disappointing earnings and a report showing a drop in home sales last month also pushed energy prices lower. The price of oil fell 2.2 percent on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Benchmark crude lost $2.05 to end at $90.05 per barrel.
Among other stocks making big moves:
• Chipotle Mexican Grill plunged 15 percent after the burrito chain forecast that revenue growth would slow sharply next year. The stock had been a favorite among investors thanks to super-fast growth in recent years. The stock fell $42.93 to $243.
• Capital One Financial surged 6 percent, making it the top performer in the S&P 500. Capital One’s quarterly results, reported late Thursday, easily trumped analysts’ estimates as profits jumped 47 percent. The lender’s purchase of both the online bank ING Direct and HSBC’s U.S. credit-card division helped propel loan revenue. Capital One’s stock gained $3.45 to $60.75.
• Advanced Micro Devices, the world’s second-largest maker of microprocessors behind Intel, plunged 17 percent. AMD said late Thursday that sales of its chips have dwindled as buyers shift away from personal computers in favor of tablets and smartphones. It also plans to cut 15 percent of its workforce. AMD lost 44 cents to $2.18.