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Humane Society claims GRU violated federal laws in dog experiments

Wednesday, Nov. 20, 2013 12:29 PM
Last updated Thursday, Nov. 21, 2013 10:25 AM
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An undercover investigation by the national Humane Society found Georgia Regents University purchased dogs for experiments from a dealer charged with violations of the Animal Welfare Act and that the university violated federal law when those experiments were performed without proper approval.

According to the Humane Society of the United States, GRU purchased six hound dogs from Minnesota-based dealer Kenneth Schroeder, who has been repeatedly cited by the U.S. Department of Agriculture since 2011 and was charged with violating the Animal Welfare Act in September.

The six dogs underwent surgery to have their teeth removed and dental implants inserted on March 22, according to the Humane Society’s investigation released Wednesday. The animal rights group filed a public records request to obtain the federally required protocol for the experiments, but the university responded with protocols that had expired before the experiments took place.

On a second request, the university provided a document naming the specific dogs, but nearly all the information had been redacted. Kathleen Conlee, the Humane Society’s vice president for animal research issues, believes the procedure could not have been written before the experiments occurred.

According to the document obtained by The Augusta Chronicle, on April 18, the researchers looked for an alternative research method that did not involve animals, a step required by the USDA before any animal experiment – a month after those dogs were experimented upon and euthanized.

“It’s just not lining up,” Conlee said in a phone interview. “The surgery happened before the alternative search even occurred.”

At a press conference Wednesday, GRU senior vice president for research Mark Hamrick said all animal experiments are done properly and legally. He could not answer questions about the outdated protocol provided to the Humane Society, however.

He also could not confirm when the experiments took place and how many researchers were involved. Hamrick also said he was unaware Schroeder had been issued any citations by the USDA or is currently under investigation.

Hamrick said the privately funded experiment was conducted to test dental implants, 10 percent of which fail worldwide.

“The research being done with dogs is neither frivolous nor unnecessary, as alleged by the investigation, and is performed in order to develop safe, effective dental procedures for patients,” he said.

The Humane Society also released a video taken by an undercover investigator, who worked in the research lab for 76 days this year and cared for the six hound dogs.

The video shows one dog, named Shy Guy, who was malnourished and underweight “and terrified of everything – particularly men.”

According to the investigation, Shy Guy stopped breathing on the surgical table during the removal of his teeth but survived and was euthanized two months after the operation. The dogs had their jaws sawed to take a bone sample.

According to USDA records, GRU was cited in 2012 for having inadequate temperature controls in its dog kennels and allowing temperatures to frequently rise above 85 degrees, at times reaching 100 degrees.

Hamrick said he was not aware of this violation. He also did not address other allegations made by the Humane Society involving mistreatment of primates.

Conlee said out of 53 non-human primates housed at GRU, only two were caged together, contrary to Animal Welfare Act regulations that emphasize the need for social housing in labs.

Because of the psychological trauma, several primates showed extreme stress by pulling out their hair and eating it, drinking their urine and circling repeatedly in their cages, according to the undercover investigator.

“It showed the lack of training of the employees there when they referred to this type of spinning as happy dances,” Conlee said.

Conlee also cited instances of overcrowding in mouse and rat cages and inadequate veterinary care. In one case a mouse remained untreated after having its eye scratched out by another animal.

In a teleconference Wednesday, Humane Society President and CEO Wayne Pacelle called on the USDA to stop the sale of animals from random source dealers like Schroeder. He said these class B dealers increase the likelihood of dogs being obtained from unauthorized sources and sold to research. While there were hundreds of dealers like these 20 years ago, only six exist today, and the National Institutes of Health will discontinue funding research supported by these dealers in 2015, Pacelle said.

The Humane Society’s leadership also called on the USDA to issue “meaningful Animal Welfare Act penalties” against GRU and to push the NIH to look at whether the university should be funded with taxpayer dollars.

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karradur
2854
Points
karradur 11/21/13 - 12:30 am
4
11
[EDIT]

I just watched the video on YouTube.

Watch it for yourself.

It is graphic.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhYt2oNtrtk

sassylassie
455
Points
sassylassie 11/20/13 - 03:10 pm
14
6
I think it is disgusting and

I think it is disgusting and inhumane that GRU would use dogs as science experiments. In this day and age, it is inexcusable and barbaric.
The individuals behind these "experiments" should be punished as should the individual who provided the dogs. Some of these animals were purchased at flea markets, obtained under questionable circumstances, and could have been someone's pets. That's why the supplier was being investigated as well because he was keeping the animals in bad conditions as well.
Both should be punished. This needs to stop. NOW.
GRU, SHAME ON YOU!!!!!!! And President Azziz, this is another reason I continue to dislike you and your vision for this institution.

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 03:31 pm
12
5
Please identify the 'Class B Animal Dealer', it may be someone

Please identify the 'Class B Animal Dealer'. It may be someone that we know & have trusted in the past with pets. For someone to abuse & murder dogs for experimental dental implants is so incomprehensible..I just can't imagine that person's mental state. But, evidently those kinds still walk amongst us in today's society. Toothless people should get dentures, and not support these callous horrible experimentations!

David Parker
7923
Points
David Parker 11/20/13 - 03:39 pm
9
5
special place in hades for

special place in hades for folks mistreating dogs...or cats for that matter.

crossyourarms
215
Points
crossyourarms 11/20/13 - 03:40 pm
3
1
What?

What?

Marinerman1
4840
Points
Marinerman1 11/20/13 - 03:40 pm
5
3
Be Warned -- Here It Is

Unfortunately it does not reveal the animal dealer. The video is graphic, and VERY disturbing.
https://secure.humanesociety.org/site/Advocacy;jsessionid=F68173AA11C194...

Fiat_Lux
15420
Points
Fiat_Lux 11/20/13 - 04:16 pm
17
11
@Sassylassie

You don't know what you're talking about when it comes to GRU research with large animals as the test subjects. You like the advances in your health care that comes from the research studies but you have absolutely no clue what it takes to find out what treatments will work without causing harm to the babies, children, adults and the elderly who are desperate for help.

I can only imagine your outrage if "the children" started dying of things like polio again, all because research using dog/cat/pig/rat/guinea pig/mouse/monkey/pigeon models stopped. You think that can't happen, but I promise you, it can and it very well might, given all the treatment resistant superbugs spreading throughout our species.

And regarding the video, nobody feels great after oral surgery, not even dogs. They look pitiful when they are coming out of anesthesia and they usual shiver. That doesn't mean they are being treated inhumanely. They are given pain medication and they are cared for. You should see what they look like when they have Ebola virus and some of the other really bad diseases that are being researched around the world, in the hopes of protecting, well, humans beings in places like Africa. Surely you care more about African children than you do about dogs.

And yes, some of them are sacrificed, but not inhumanely or on a whim. There are moral, ethical obligations and responsibilities that go with research on animals, and accreditation agencies come around and inspect EVERYTHING. You can be your boots that MCG watches what is happening in that regard. People have gotten fired for not taking that moral/ethical obligation seriously.

The Nazis apparently loved animals too, because they used people, men, women, children and babies, for their research.

WalterBradfordCannon
1442
Points
WalterBradfordCannon 11/20/13 - 04:46 pm
11
8
GRU research serves a

GRU research serves a valuable function. Research on dental implants is used to develop the next generation of dental hardware, so things like tooth extractions and implants are routinely performed - not just at GRU, but at dental research facilities nationwide. GRU Dental is the only dental school in the state of Georgia. These procedures are performed under USDA approved and inspected regimens of anesthesia and analgesia, and the anesthesia and analgesia are directly overseen by licensed veterinarians.

There is a real battle being fought here. The Humane Society of the United States is an animal rights organization. One of its preferred battles currently is against Class B animal dealers. Class B dealers sell random source animals. None of these animals, by law, should have been anyone's pet, but the dealer's get them from auctions, pounds, and leftovers from breeders. Class A dealers sell animals bred in-house for research. The difference in price between Class A and Class B animals is roughly 5-fold. It is HSUS's intent to stop animal research in the USA, and if they win this battle against Class B dealers, it will mean that costs for research using dogs will rise significantly.

That is the real agenda here. The HSUS is standing up, in opposition, against biomedical progress using cats and dogs in research. It uses people, like the person who took employment at GRU solely for the purpose of shooting this video, to make its statements. If they win this, and other battles, it will slow the progress in biomedical research in the USA.

SemperParatus
3225
Points
SemperParatus 11/20/13 - 05:01 pm
4
2
Just My Opinion
5626
Points
Just My Opinion 11/20/13 - 05:24 pm
10
6
The kind-hearted folks who

The kind-hearted folks who are vehemently complaining about what they saw in this video are the EXACT audience the Humane Society and PETA want to reach! This is pure propaganda, folks...made to pull at your heartstrings, and coerce you into getting fuming made at "the enemy", with absolutely no regard to the reasons for the use of these animals. You need to do yourselves a favor by sitting back and REALLY thinking how you life would be different without testings that occurred on animals for the benefit of humans...in drugs, surgery, nutrition, body wellness, mental wellness, etc..
Take a few minutes to get over your anger and then think rationally about the purpose and goals of testing. All that being said, I'd rather y'all be on the sympathetic side of this issue, than on the "I don't give a crud!"-side of it.

eurekaplease
14
Points
eurekaplease 11/20/13 - 05:54 pm
9
7
Propaganda or not:

NONE of those dogs should have been used for research.

I do not agree with animal testing in the first place, but your policies list specifically "INHUMANE TREATMENT OR ABUSE OF ANY ANIMAL WILL NOT BE TOLERATED" and clearly at least one of the animals was underweight. If the animal was ill, have a vet look into the cause.
Also, from the HSUS website:
"The random-source Class B dealer supplying dogs to GRU is Kenneth Schroeder, operating out of Wells, Minn., since 1960."

GRU LAS Page - http://www.gru.edu/research/animal/policies/
HSUS Page - http://www.humanesociety.org/news/press_releases/2013/11/georgia-regents...

Read, inform yourself, speak up.

sassylassie
455
Points
sassylassie 11/20/13 - 06:12 pm
7
10
Fiat Lux, although normally I

Fiat Lux,
although normally I agree with your statements 100%, I can't this time. I DO KNOW about what goes on there. One of my dear friends used to TAKE CARE of the animals in the research labs there.
No, I don't want any of the diseases you mentioned to return or to harm us. However, we have moral obligations to protect animals who cannot protect themselves. Animal testing is a barbaric practice which should no longer be a means of research.
It is the year 2013. With all of our technological advancements, animal testing should not be the norm for a world-class medical facility such as GRU. It is an old practice which should no longer be allowed. With all of our technological advances and virtual science, animal testing could be a non-existent practice--the sooner the better.
And the video is terrible--NO animal deserves that treatment and it is up to us, as humans, to be the voice for these victims, whether it be animals or children or the elderly--whoever in this world is being mistreated. Period. This is a rotten way to gather data and information. There are better ways....which do NOT involve animals.

Young Fred
17448
Points
Young Fred 11/20/13 - 06:50 pm
12
4
Disturbing as it may seem,

Disturbing as it may seem, any person that would equate a dogs life with that of my son or daughter is beyond contempt!

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 07:22 pm
8
7
These experiments are not for life-threating diseases

These experiments are not for life-threating diseases. They are for human vanity. GRU should justify these experiments by using the GRU Administrators that developed, approved and participated in these useless experiments as the 'guinea pigs' in the future, and then Euthanizing them! That'll take care of that fluffy-Azsazsa-Prez. that so many of you on this site despise.

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 07:37 pm
7
7
Human Vanity and Dentists' Greed

Another reason GRU is brutalizing innocent dogs is to teach young Dentists --yet another procedure to make more money. Don't kid yourself with the ideology that all Med. Students & Dental Students are in it to 'help' fellow humans. An over-whelming percentage are there for the money. They pick a high PAYING profession and this ridiculous experiment is to 'pad' their pockets even more.

RMSHEFF
16001
Points
RMSHEFF 11/20/13 - 07:43 pm
8
3
Stunned

I am sure you must be a vegetarian, if not stop by a slaughter house sometime. I hope you feel as passionate about abortion !

v4vendetta
251
Points
v4vendetta 11/20/13 - 08:05 pm
8
2
Proper surgical technique

That's proper surgical technique..... What do you think happens in OR during open heart surgery... To the lay person it's a gruesome site seeing the human chest cavity open... But it saves lives and after analgesia it all gets better.... Same for the dogs, though I'm not a big fan of dog research there was nothing overtly visibly wrong in the video.

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 08:10 pm
3
8
Yes, Yes...but, I'm not going to a slaugher house.

Yes, Yes...but, I'm not going to a slaugher house. I don't even want to IMAGINE what ya'll eat...poop, pee, cancer tumors, pink slim, blood vessels, ligaments, eye balls in nuggets....mercy ...

WalterBradfordCannon
1442
Points
WalterBradfordCannon 11/20/13 - 08:31 pm
9
2
People are not familiar with

People are not familiar with what they saw. The only procedures documented on that video are after animal sacrifice. The animals are dead, and the jawbones are being dissected for tissue harvest. There is no video of live animals being operated on. If those animals were not supplied for research, they would have been euthanized, and MORE animals would have been bred for research purposes. Millions of dogs are killed each year in animal shelters. If the Humane Society of the US has its way, no shelter animals will be used for research. All research animals would need to be purpose-bred, which would result in even more animal death.

The video is deliberately and intentionally misleading for a reason.

nocnoc
42500
Points
nocnoc 11/20/13 - 09:01 pm
10
4
Big Animal owner here

I CARE FOR MY PETS ONLY 2ND TO FAMILY.
Listening to Austin today I have a new slant on how I feel about Medical
Testing using Animals.

I no longer support using former Pets of Humans.
As Austin said and I agree, Animals that have been raised around humans understand when they have done wrong.
If you inflect pain on a former Pet it has to wonder what it did to deserve the punishment being inflected on it.

I have to agree NO PETS or Abandoned Pets should be used in such cases. An Pet owners than abandon pets without cause, should be prohibited from owning future pets without testing and caretaker Bond.

With that said if we let PETA Radicals have free rein they would impose they Veggin life style in the much the Same Way Breatheasy tired to impose it demands on Augusta regarding smoking.

If PETA Radicals had their way, If the other Radical Animal Rights groups had it their way. We would be back to experimenting on Humans, which were usually the poor looking for some $$$$, not knowing the long term adverse effects. This is why we went to Animal test 60+/- years ago.

A far as using washed up Actor's and Actress's
I recognize them for what they are , has been's
trying to restart dead careers, looking for 1 more shot at the lime light in a fading career. But they do not sway me a bit.

Without animal testing Millions would be dead.
Yes Millions

Want to kill off people in Stalin numbers?
think of all the Medicines that come NOT have gotten to the Human trial process.

Here is some of the things the Radical Animal Rights Activists don't mention.

The following are examples of these achievements:

Penicillin
Florey and Chain first tested the effects of penicillin in mice in 1940.

Blood Transfusion
has saved the lives of countless people and animals.
The technique was developed when citrated blood was shown
to be safe for transfusion in dogs in 1914.

Tuberculosis cure
A hundred years ago, tuberculosis (Tb) was one of the most
common causes of death. Nobel Prize-winning research on
guinea pigs in the 1940s led to the antibiotic streptomycin

Vaccines for meningitis were developed in mice and have resulted in a huge fall in the disease thanks to Animal testing

Kidney Transplants thanks to Animal testing

ARE YOU ANTI-PINK?
Because breast cancer, the commonest cancer among women.
Animal studies led to the development of tamoxifen, one of the most
successful treatments, and more recently Herceptin and aromatase inhibitors.

GOT Asthma?
Where fo you think Inhalers were 1st tested?

Don't have POLIO ?
This advance alone has saved millions of lives.
All because of forty years of research using monkeys and mice.

Parkinson’s Disease treatment
by Med's and Implant thanks to Animal testing.

--------------------------
Yes it is ugly, yes it needs humane Guidelines.
But be reasonable Banning ALL FORMS OF TESTING
would kill Millions of humans.

Remember :

Diabetes just in the USA affects 25.8 million people of all ages or 8.3 percent of the U.S. population. Where do you think Life Saving Insulin Comes from?

YES - ANIMALS

So does anyone want to stop insulin production, Life Saving Insulin?
Does anyone want to kill off 25.8 Million people in 30 to 90 days?
Any body want to join the ranks of Stalin, Hitler, or Mao for the most kills?

Seriously who wants to volunteer to come by my house and tell my:

Mother-in-law,
3 Brother-in-laws,
a sister-in-law,
or MY WIFE
that they have to die to make a PETA Radical happy?

Like I said
There has to be common sense applied and it needs to be humanely both for humans and animals.

An the radical part of PETA that runs the group
has demonstrated it lacks both.

nocnoc
42500
Points
nocnoc 11/20/13 - 09:03 pm
5
2
BTW:

See page 6 and 7 for starters

http://www.pro-test.org.uk/MAAR.pdf

An if you are A RADICAL PETA MEMBER
Please, read the whole thing all 28 pages.

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 09:15 pm
7
6
NocNoc: Dental Implant experiments are NOT for saving a life

NocNoc: Dental Implant experiments are NOT for saving a life. They are for vanity and to boost the earnable wages of Dentists

DrM-G
28
Points
DrM-G 11/20/13 - 10:19 pm
6
4
oh brother

leave it to GRU to not be conducting the research ethically

Stunned 2
4254
Points
Stunned 2 11/20/13 - 10:37 pm
5
7
Prosecute them!

Prosecute them! For violating Federal Law! Send the arrogant bunch to prison, Quit wasting & abusing taxpayer money!

Bizkit
31329
Points
Bizkit 11/20/13 - 11:20 pm
9
2
I'm hesitant to believe the

I'm hesitant to believe the informant. All the animal care is so highly regulated and MCG has been in compliance for decades. Things would have had to really gone downhill for this to occur. Dogs are dependent on humans as they were are bred and domesticated from wolves. They have many diseases that humans have, and because of the extent of their genetic manipulation to generate all the breeds they often express just two alleles and offer a simpler system to study diseases that occur in humans. We humans are most often polymorphic with hundreds of copies of genes and most traits are very complex with multiple alleles and often interactive gene networks. The only dogs that will survive in the wild are those with certain "wild type" wolf genes-all the rest are dependent on us. We have to control the population-packs of dogs destroy wildlife (I've watched them chase down and kill deer), and take advantage of their useful genetics, as well a a great cardiovascular model, as well as numerous other diseases they share with us. It would be foolish not too. No different that growing crops or raising cattle-we maintain dogs and we need to do so wisely. Zebrafish, rodents, monkeys, primates, chickens, pigs, sheep, and dogs are useful models for various studies. Scientist need these models because medicine is fixing to leave the Dark Ages of just treating symptoms or surgery and actually "curing" diseases. Regeneration of vision, hearing, smell, touch, heart, spinal cord, reverting cancer back to normal, repair a mutant allele for a genetic disease all possible. Exciting times. What use to take me months to do now minutes-the technology is just fantastic.

Bizkit
31329
Points
Bizkit 11/20/13 - 11:34 pm
8
2
Fred it is a mental

Fred it is a mental illness-an anthropomorphic delusion that a dog is like a human. Don't get me wrong-I love dogs-fond of them-cried when they died a sec. But they are still just a dog and can't be logically compared to a human. Dogs were bred for certain traits (not human traits but service traits for us)-some breeds live 5 years others average over ten. A human looks in a mirror and sees himself-a dog looks in the mirror and hasn't a clue. It can't pass the mirror test and recognize self-they have limited intellect. Check out their brain and you'll see what I mean. Now a pig recognizes itself in the mirror and is very intelligent. But you don't see folks going crazy to save pigs from bacon, sausage, roasts, etc.

Brad Owens
4423
Points
Brad Owens 11/20/13 - 11:47 pm
4
7
This is bad...

I cannot support this type of mistreatment of animals. The same folks talking tough and supporting this on here will be the first in line to try to outlaw stem cell research.

Shameful..

Young Fred
17448
Points
Young Fred 11/20/13 - 11:58 pm
7
0
Bizkit, I agree. I'm one of

Bizkit, I agree. I'm one of the biggest dog lovers one would ever meet. Would even go as far to say that if a return of love is any kind of measure, dogs would be at the top of the list.

I'm glad, that nobody took the bait I dangled, and sugested that dogs, or any animal, equates to the worth of a human life, though I'd be the first to argue that some animals are indeed “worth” more than certain humans.

Stunned2 is certainly passionate! I'm wondering how far that passion would go if a test done on a beagle would end up saving the life of his/her daughter or mother. It's all fine and good to have gumption and stick to your convictions, it's quite another if the actual life of a human being is involved.

Bizkit
31329
Points
Bizkit 11/21/13 - 12:04 am
4
0
Stem cell research is

Stem cell research is conducted in animal models before application to humans. Now embryonic or adult stem cells are obsolete. It was discovered that just a few genes are responsible for the embryonic phenotype so they can be manipulated to produced induced pleuripotent stem cells. So a physician can harvest some normal cells from a patient and transform then to be protein-induced pleuripotent stem cells specific for a patient and grow them up for a specific purpose. No need to harvest blastocysts for embryonic stem cells.

Bizkit
31329
Points
Bizkit 11/21/13 - 12:09 am
8
1
I just don't believe animals

I just don't believe animals have been abused there. I use to take care of animals while a grad student in a number of schools and there was no tolerance of abuse and lots of regulations. PETA use to attack people and sneak in labs in stuff at one school-they were like terrorist. I think this is a trumped up deal and I doubt the veracity of their accusations. Besides what happened to innocent till proven guilty. Now if they were abusing animals-burn em.

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