Savannah Rapids still rich in history after 4,000 years

After 4,000 years, rapids still attracts

Saturday, April 7, 2012 12:48 AM
Last updated Sunday, April 8, 2012 12:18 AM
  • Follow Metro

The Savannah River’s last remaining stretch of shoals has been a tourist attraction of sorts for more than 4,000 years.

Back | Next
The Savannah Rapids, near Evans to Locks Road in Columbia County, has a history that spans more than 4,000 years.   SARA CALDWELL/STAFF
The Savannah Rapids, near Evans to Locks Road in Columbia County, has a history that spans more than 4,000 years.

Long before the area became popular with kayakers and runners, early Indian tribes established one of the region’s first settled communities, known as the Stallings Island culture, just upstream from the Augusta Canal headgates and its popular park and visitors center.

The earliest settlers built stone fish weirs in the river channels and grew crops in the fertile soil, leaving behind some of the richest archaeological sites – and some of the oldest pottery – in North America.

Today’s visitors can enjoy an array of amenities that include a canoe and kayak launch into the river, picnic and parking areas overlooking the most scenic portions of the river and the canal towpath that is popular with bicyclists, joggers and pedestrians.

The headgates area also includes the canal’s original earthworks, a restored lock and other features first built in 1845.

The area was enlarged just after the Civil War as part of an intricate redesign that provided drinking water for a growing city and hydropower that transformed Augusta into an early industrial empire.

Although listed in 1975 on the National Register of Historic Places, the canal headgates area languished in neglect for many years before efforts to restore and protect the area gained steam.

The most recent improvements, completed in 2010, included expanded parking, a canoe dropoff access road, picnic shelters on the bluff above the river and even a “doggie drinking fountain” near the pedestrian bridge to the canal towpath.

The area is also home to several historic buildings that have been carefully restored and renovated.

The Lockkeepers Cottage, built in the 1800s, once housed the Lockkeeper and his family who manually operated the locks that allowed boats to move between the river and the canal.

There is also a restored dance pavilion and a barbecue pit nearby.

Today the cottage serves as the headquarters for the State Certified Visitor Center.

Staff is available, as well as brochures, offering information about Columbia County, the area and the entire state of Georgia.

One room is arranged as if the Lockkeeper still lived there in order to give visitors an idea of life during that time.

A second room is dedicated to a pictorial history and several displays, and an area to view a video of the canal and its history.


Whether you are visiting this week or enjoying time off, there is always something to see.

APRIL 1: Aiken’s Thoroughbred Museum

MONDAY: Magnolia Cemetery

TUESDAY: Aiken County Historical Museum

WEDNESDAY: Woodrow Wilson House

THURSDAY: Augusta Museum of History

FRIDAY: Augusta Canal

SATURDAY: Morris Museum of Art

TODAY: Canal headgates

Comments (2) Add comment
ADVISORY: Users are solely responsible for opinions they post here and for following agreed-upon rules of civility. Posts and comments do not reflect the views of this site. Posts and comments are automatically checked for inappropriate language, but readers might find some comments offensive or inaccurate. If you believe a comment violates our rules, click the "Flag as offensive" link below the comment.
rmwardsr 04/07/12 - 08:58 am
"Savannah Rapids still rich

"Savannah Rapids still rich in history after 4,000 years"- excuse me, but doesn't that go wothout saying? Does history diminish over time? Does history become less important as time goes on? What happened and what was 4,00 years ago is what it is.

TCB22 04/08/12 - 09:43 am
remwardsr, Of course history

remwardsr, Of course history can diminish over time if destroyed or altered by humans. I enjoyed this article very much and believe that the canal headgates and this part of the Savannah River is the prettiest spot in the county. Knowing the history of this area just makes it all the more special to me.

Back to Top
Search Augusta jobs
Top headlines
Early voting in Augusta-area shows increase
Area early voting numbers are dwarfing turnout four years ago, particularly in Republican-leaning Columbia County, and forecast apossible record voting year for the Augusta area.