Tommy Ray Woodruff was caught late Tuesday near Cartersville, north of Atlanta, according to McDuffie County Sheriff's Department Major Ronnie Williamson.
The 30-year-old Woodruff had been serving time at the Pre-Release Center in Wilkes County before stealing a truck belonging to the McDuffie County Roads and Bridges Department and fleeing.
Police found the truck abandoned behind a building in downtown Gainesville earlier this week.
Williamson said Woodruff was caught by members of a federal fugitive squad, working with the Georgia Department of Corrections. When authorities closed in, Woodruff ran and jumped into a pond before being caught, officials said.
Woodruff now faces charges of escape, theft of a motor vehicle and interference with government property in McDuffie County, Williamson said. He is being held at Phillips State Prison in Buford, Ga.