A spokesman for the national register says Antisa Khvichava from western Georgia was born on July 8, 1880.
Georgiy Meurnishvili said Khvichava retired from her job as a tea and corn picker in 1965, when she was 85.
Authorities visited the woman today in her village of Sachire and displayed two Soviet-era documents noting her date of birth as indicated in her birth certificate, which had been lost.
The Gerontology Research Group says the oldest documented person is 114-year-old Eugenie Blanchard of Saint Barthelemy, France. The body is yet to examine Khvichava's claim.