In 1900, Alex Whitney, a white man, is killed by a black man, William B. Wilson, during an argument on a streetcar. In response, the city council enacts an ordinance segregating public transportation.
In 1908, a flood washes away the old South Carolina Railroad Bridge and wrecks the Augusta bridge at Fifth Street. In response to flooding, the city council decides to build a levee.
In 1916, fire that rips through downtown changes the very face of the city. Instead of rebuilding, many people move to the outskirts, starting the slow decline of downtown, particularly its residential areas.
In 1921, women vote for the first time, participating in the mayoral primary. The League of Women Voters of Augusta is formed.
In 1931, the Cracker Party emerges from the American Protective Association, taking control of Augusta politics. The group supports the white primary and stresses segregation.
In 1931, Bobby Jones announces his intention to create Augusta National Golf Club, which would become the home of the Masters Tournament.
In 1932, Erskine Caldwell's Tobacco Road focuses local and national attention on the shocking living conditions endured by poorer residents of the county.
In 1942, Camp Gordon opens its gates on Tobacco Road, bringing military dollars with it. An Army training airfield is built and named for instructor Donald C. Bush.
In 1945, contracts are let for the surveying of a dam at Clarks Hill. Together with a second dam at Hartwell, it would supply electricity that would lure companies such as EZ-GO Car Corp., Procter & Gamble and Monsanto Chemical Co.
In 1946, the Cracker Party is voted out of office. The elections were the first after the white primary, instituted in 1870, is abolished by the Supreme Court, although the black vote was divided.
In 1950, plans are unveiled for a nuclear bomb plant, Savannah River Plant.
In 1950, the first black policemen in the city's history are hired.
In 1951, W.C. Ervin is elected to the county Board of Education, the first black member of the board.
In 1955, Augustans approve the construction of Gordon Highway.
In 1958, the state Board of Regents agrees to take over the Junior College, now located on the site of the old Augusta Arsenal, and rename it Augusta College.
In 1960, a group of Paine College students ask Mayor Millard Beckum to end segregation at Bell Auditorium and to allow black students to use John S. Davidson school, leading to the formation of a biracial committee to study race relations and integration. The students also ride in the white section of public buses, sue the bus company -- and win -- and stage a sit-in protest at lunch counters in downtown stores.
In 1964, following the Acree school desegregation case, groups of black students begin enrolling in all-white schools.
In 1970, Charles Oatman, a 16-year-old black youth, is beaten to death by other inmates at the Richmond County jail, setting off riots on Broad Street, Ninth Street and Laney-Walker Boulevard. Six people are killed and the National Guard is brought in for a week.
In 1978, Regency Mall and then Augusta Mall are opened, pulling retail out onto the fringes of the city.
In 1983, government scandal strikes as Richmond County Sheriff J.B. Dykes pleads guilty to two federal counts of obstructing justice after being charged with taking bribes to fix DUI warrants. Augusta Mayor Ed McIntyre faces bribery and extortion charges and would later be convicted of taking a bribe while in office.
In 1986, Augusta City Council's finance committee votes to buy land east of Eighth Street, where the entrance to what's now Riverwalk Augusta was built.
In 1996, Richmond County and Augusta consolidate their governments.