Only half of America’s smallest businesses offer health coverage to their workers because many say steady cost increases have made it too expensive to afford a benefit that nearly all large employers still provide.
The Kaiser Family Foundation said Tuesday that 50 percent of companies with three to 49 employees offered coverage this year. That’s down from 59 percent in 2012 and 66 percent a decade ago.
“There’s just not as much money around for compensation, including benefits,” said Gary Claxton, a Kaiser vice president and lead author of the nonprofit health policy organization’s annual health benefits study.
Employer-sponsored coverage is the most common form of health insurance in the United States, covering an estimated 151 million people under age 65, according to Kaiser. The federal Affordable Care Act requires all companies with 50 or more full-time employees to offer it.
Companies get a tax break for offering these benefits, and many employers also see them as a critical tool for attracting and keeping workers, even if they aren’t required to because they are small or rely on part-time workers. Kaiser found that 96 percent of businesses with 100 or more workers provided health benefits, or nearly twice the percentage of the smallest companies.
Cost was the main reason cited by 44 percent of those small businesses that don’t offer benefits, Kaiser’s study found. Seventeen percent said they were too small to offer coverage. Other employers said they didn’t offer the benefit mainly because their workers were covered under another plan like a spouse’s or because most employees were part-time or temporary.
Ten percent said their workers weren’t interested in the benefit.
Some opted to give their employees more money to buy coverage on the individual market, which includes the Affordable Care Act’s public marketplaces. But Kaiser found that only 2 percent of the small businesses that don’t offer coverage made that decision because their employees can get something better on the ACA marketplaces.