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The South's oldest newspaper is also one of the oldest in the nation. The Augusta Chronicle began as the Augusta Gazette , which the record indicates first was published Aug. 30, 1785. On April 11, 1789, it got a new name: The Augusta Chronicle and Gazette of the State . The May 7, 1885, front page was the first on which The Augusta Chronicle appears in the nameplate as it does today. Other newspaper firsts:

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Hartford Courant  Special
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Hartford Courant

'HARTFORD COURANT'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Oct. 29, 1764, as a weekly paper

NOTE: In 1777, Hannah Watson, the widow of owner Ebenezer Watson, took over the paper and became one of the first female publishers in America. The daily edition began in 1837.

'NEW YORK POST'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Nov. 16, 1801

NOTE: The paper was founded by Alexander Hamilton. It began its current tabloid form in 1942.

'THE CHARLESTON POST AND COURIER'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Jan. 10, 1803, as the Charleston Courier

NOTE: It became The News and Courier in 1873. In 1894, The Evening Post was introduced. In 1991, The Evening Post Publishing Co., which owned both papers, decided to merge them as a morning paper called The Post and Courier .

'CHICAGO TRIBUNE'

FIRST PUBLISHED: June 10, 1847

NOTE: The first edition was published in a one-room plant located at LaSalle and Lake streets.

'THE NEW YORK TIMES'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Sept. 18, 1851, as New-York Daily Times : "We publish today the first issue of the New-York Daily Times , and we intend to issue it every morning (Sundays excepted) for an indefinite number of years to come."

NOTE: The founders were Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones, who had worked together as reporters at the New York Tribune .

'THE WASHINGTON POST'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Dec. 6, 1877

NOTE: Founder Stilson Hutchins called the newspaper his "Democratic daily journal."

'THE ATLANTA JOURNAL-CONSTITUTION'

FIRST PUBLISHED: The Atlanta Constitution , June 16, 1868; The Atlanta Journal , Feb. 24, 1883.

NOTE: Ohio Gov. James Cox bought The Atlanta Constitution in March 1950 and, with The Atlanta Journal , which he bought in 1939, formed Atlanta Newspapers Inc. and combined the papers' Sunday editions. The newsrooms combined in 1982.

'THE WALL STREET JOURNAL'

FIRST PUBLISHED: July 8, 1889

NOTE: An afternoon newspaper, the first Journal covers four pages and sells for 2 cents.

'THE STATE'

FIRST PUBLISHED: Feb. 18, 1891

NOTE: The founders -- N.G., Ambrose and William Gonzales, were the sons of a Cuban Revolutionary general.


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