When the South needed generals during the Civil War, it often turned to Augustans.
At least 10 Confederate generals were either born in the Augusta area, called it home at one time or are buried here, including: Brig. Gen. Edward P. Alexander, Maj. Gen. Ambrose R. Wright, Brig. Gen. Victor Girardey, Brig. Gen. William Duncan Smith, Brig. Gen. John King Jackson, Brig. Gen. Goode Bryan and Brig. Gen. Marcellus A. Stovall.
Monuments and historic markers dedicated to the Confederate leaders are scattered throughout the Garden City, such as the Confederate Monument on Broad Street, a memorial at Magnolia Cemetery, and historic markers at Augusta Statue University and on Aumond Drive.
Among the more famous of those ranks are Maj. Gen. Joe Wheeler, Maj. Gen. William Henry Talbot Walker and Lt. Gen. James Augustus Longstreet.
Wheeler, who graduated near the bottom of his West Point class in cavalry tactics, led his Alabama cavalry in almost every major engagement in Kentucky and Tennessee. He was wounded three times and finally captured by federal forces in May 1865, a month after Lee surrendered at Appomattox.
After the war, Wheeler represented Alabama in Congress and lived in Wheeler, Ala., a town named after him. While still a congressman, he left for Cuba to fight in the Spanish-American War in 1898.
Wheeler died in 1906 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Augusta's Wheeler Road is named for him.
Though many of the Confederacy's military leaders -- including Wheeler -- maintained a cool distance from talk of secession before the fighting began, that wasn't the case with Augusta's Walker.
The Mexican War veteran and early advocate of states' rights led the secession charge in an 1861 Augusta town hall meeting. Under Walker's leadership, a group of Augustans repudiated an earlier gathering's recommendation that the state remain with the Union.
After Georgia seceded, the former U.S. Army colonel offered his services to the Confederacy, rising to the rank of major general. He died in July 1864 during the Battle of Atlanta and is buried in the Walker family plot on the ASU campus.
One of the Augusta area's more controversial military leaders was "Old Pete" Longstreet.
Some historians blame him for the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg. But the Edgefield native's most controversial actions came after the war, when he cooperated with the Reconstruction government. He was generally ostracized by his fellow Southerners until his death in 1904.